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2019年展览精品推荐 银锭咸丰元年 匠兴顺源

2019-10-31 01:00:20 来源:西北资讯网

2019年展览精品推荐

银锭咸丰元年 匠兴顺源

【藏.荐】栏为藏品强大的传播效应向各位买家推荐经国家一级鉴定专家甄选的艺术珍品,为藏家牵线搭桥,让千百件艺术珍品价值被发掘与重视,在拍卖会上得以高价成交。

 

[Tibet. Recommendation] column for the strong dissemination effect of the collection to recommend to buyers the selected art treasures by experts at the first level of national appraisal, to bridge the gap for Tibetans, so that the value of thousands of art treasures are excavated and valued, and high-priced transactions can be concluded in the auction.

 

 

 

 

【名称】: 银 锭

 

【类型】: 杂 项

 

【年代】: 咸丰元年

 

【规格】: 重量:377g

 

 

 

[name]: silver ingot

 

[type]: Miscellaneous

 

[year]: the first year of Xianfeng

 

[Specification]: weight: 377g

 

 

银锭,中国古代非常重要的一种货币,它是通过白银熔铸成锭,在市场中广为流通。银锭开始于汉代,其后铸造并没有间断,不过真正盛行是在明代,到了清朝银锭成为了主要的流通货币,因以“两”作为重量单位,因此常常被人称之为银两。

 

制造银锭属于铸工工艺,有一整套传统的工艺流程,由于银金属的特性和银锭型制的特殊要求,铸造银锭的方法不同于普通的铸造方法,是一项独具特点的传统工艺。中国有悠久的铸锭历史,经过不断的改进发展,逐渐形成了一套完整的铸锭工艺程序,大体经过算料、熔化、提纯、渗色、验色、成型、錾刻铭文、检验等工序完成。各有千秋,异曲同工,荟萃成繁花似锦的中国银锭。

 

清代是中国银锭铸造和发展的鼎盛时期,清政府大力提倡“用银为本、用钱为末”的情况下迅速发展起来的。明代中后期以后,外国银元的源源不断的大量涌入和明清两代积极开产银矿为清代推行银两制奠定了坚实的基础,充足的白银存量和各地的自由铸造使银两成为清代前期国家财政收支的重要媒介和百姓生活中不可缺少的主要通货。清代银锭的中国银锭铸造和发展的鼎盛时期,清政府对于银两的铸造,采取放任自流的的政策,正如《清代文献通考》描述的那样:“用银之处,官司所发,例以纹银;商民行使,自十成至九成八成七成不等。民间所有,除各项纹银之外,如江南、浙江有丝元等银,湖广、江西有盐馓等银,山西有西槽及水丝等银,四川有土槽、柳槽及茴香等银,陕甘有元槽等银,广西有北流等银,云南贵州有石槽及茶花等银,此外又有青丝、白丝、单倾、双倾、方槽、长槽等名色。是海内用银不患不足,因其高下轻重以抵钱之多寡,各随其便,流转行用”。存世的清代银锭数量庞大、品种繁多、各具丰采。形状有马蹄型、圆型、牌坊型、砝码型等,重量从50—1两不等。

 

明、清银锭较前朝形制的变化,还有一个重要特征,即双翅。双翅是在银液凝固前,来回倾倒铁范形成的,在倾倒过程中,银液来回流动,更有利于银液中气体的溢出,银液厚度与蜂窝的形成有着密切的关系。在浇铸时,银液内部压强与液面高度成正比,相对于宋、元银锭,明、清银锭较厚,银液内部压强大,银液内析出的氧气难以聚集成较大气泡,因此,形成的蜂窝孔也较小。在起翅过程中,由于银液来回流动,大量气体逸出,在其他部位就没有蜂窝孔洞或仅现凹坑。可见,范腔的形状以及采用的人工操作方式,都会对蜂窝的形成产生影响,这可能也就是银锭器型与外观特征变化的技术原因。

 

银锭是经由银匠之手铸成,因此每一件银锭都是独一无二的艺术品,现今存世的古代银锭,非常稀少,这种承载着悠久货币文化和历史的古代钱币,虽然已经退出了商业舞台,但它现在的价值却是不容忽视的。此银锭为清代银锭,品相完整,包浆深厚,手感沉重,流传至今品相依然完整,是难得一见的银锭精品。银锭到民国时期都还可继续使用,直至新中国成立,银锭才逐渐退出,不再作为货币交易,因此导致其存世量非常之稀缺,作为不能出现在流通市场中的货币,这种银锭更是不多见,是收藏界精品,被各路专家学者及收藏者们争相看好,成为了重要的收藏对象,价格一直颇为可观。

 

Silver ingot, a very important kind of money in ancient China, was melted into ingot by silver and widely circulated in the market. Silver ingot started in Han Dynasty, and it was cast continuously. However, it was really popular in Ming Dynasty, and it became the main currency in circulation in Qing Dynasty. Because of the weight unit of "two", it was often called silver ingot.

 

Manufacturing silver ingot belongs to the casting process, which has a complete set of traditional process. Due to the characteristics of silver metal and the special requirements of silver ingot mold, the method of casting silver ingot is different from the common casting method, which is a unique traditional process. China has a long history of ingot casting. Through continuous improvement and development, a complete set of ingot casting process has been gradually formed, which is generally completed by material calculation, melting, purification, color infiltration, color inspection, molding, engraving inscriptions, inspection and other processes. Each of them has its own merits, and they have the same characteristics.

 

Qing Dynasty is the peak period of China's silver ingot casting and development. The Qing government vigorously advocated the rapid development under the situation of "taking silver as the foundation and money as the end". After the middle and late Ming Dynasty, the continuous influx of foreign silver dollars and the active production of silver mines in the Ming and Qing Dynasties laid a solid foundation for the implementation of the silver system in the Qing Dynasty. The sufficient silver stock and free casting all over the country made the silver become an important medium of national financial revenue and expenditure in the early Qing Dynasty and an indispensable main currency in people's life. In the heyday of China's silver ingot casting and development in the Qing Dynasty, the Qing government adopted a policy of laissez faire for the casting of silver ingots. As described in the general survey of Qing Dynasty documents, "where silver was used, there were lawsuits, such as tattooed silver; when merchants exercised it, it ranged from 10% to 90.87%. In addition to all kinds of silver patterns, there are silk yuan and other silver in Jiangnan and Zhejiang, Yansan and other silver in Huguang and Jiangxi, Xicao and shuisi in Shanxi, Tucao, LiuCao and fennel in Sichuan, yuancao and other silver in Shaanxi and Gansu, Beiliu and other silver in Guangxi, Shicao and Camellia in Yunnan and Guizhou, as well as Qingsi, Baisi, single dip, double dip, square slot and long slot. It's because there is no shortage of silver at home, because it's more important than others to offset the amount of money, so it can be used freely. The silver ingots of Qing Dynasty are large in quantity, various in variety and various in variety. The shape has horseshoe type, round type, archway type, weight type, etc., and the weight ranges from 50-1.

 

There is also an important feature of the shape of Ming and Qing silver ingots compared with that of the previous dynasties, that is, their wings. During the pouring process, the silver liquid flows back and forth, which is more conducive to the overflow of gas in the silver liquid. The thickness of the silver liquid is closely related to the formation of honeycomb. In the process of casting, the internal pressure of the silver liquid is directly proportional to the height of the liquid surface. Compared with the silver ingots of song and Yuan Dynasties, the silver ingots of Ming and Qing Dynasties are thicker, and the internal pressure of the silver liquid is large, so the oxygen precipitated in the silver liquid is difficult to gather into larger bubbles, so the honeycomb hole formed is smaller. In the process of winging, because silver liquid flows back and forth and a large amount of gas escapes, there are no honeycomb holes or only pits in other parts. It can be seen that the shape of die cavity and the manual operation mode adopted will have an impact on the formation of honeycomb, which may be the technical reason for the change of silver ingot shape and appearance characteristics.

 

Silver ingots are made by silversmiths, so every silver ingot is a unique work of art. Today's ancient silver ingots are very rare. This kind of ancient coins bearing a long monetary culture and history has exited the commercial stage, but its current value cannot be ignored. This ingot is a kind of silver ingot in Qing Dynasty. It has complete appearance, deep coating and heavy hand feeling. It has been handed down till now. It is a rare silver ingot boutique. Silver ingots can still be used until the Republic of China. Until the founding of new China, silver ingots gradually withdrew from the market and were no longer used as currency transactions. As a result, the amount of silver ingots in the world is very scarce. As money that can not appear in the circulation market, this kind of silver ingots is even less common. It is a fine product in the collection field. It has been favored by experts, scholars and collectors from all walks of life and has become an important collection object. The price of silver ingots is very high. GE has always been considerable.

 

 

 

此件藏品为本次核心推荐藏品,欢迎各位藏友咨询竞拍,机会难得!

This collection is recommended for this core collection. You are welcome to consult and bid for it. It's a rare opportunity!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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